Genghis Khan is considered to be one of the greatest rulers the world has seen. Under him, great alliances were forged and many territories captured. He was a universal leader sometimes considered to be in the same league as Alexander or even greater.
In North Central Mongolia in 1162, a boy by the name of Temujin was born in a Borjigin tribe with a blood clot in his hand. During that time, the Mongols believed that it was a good omen and that he was destined to be a great leader.
Temujin saw blood and war in his early years and had to kill his half-brother in order to establish himself as the head of the family even before he turned sixteen. His first brush with diplomacy was seen when he strategically married the daughter of Konkirat tribe’s chief and forged a strong alliance between Borjigin and Konkirat tribes, thus establishing himself as a power-player in the tribal community.
Temujin was given the title of Genghis Khan after he adapted very quickly to assemble a strong army of 80,000 men who were swift and learnt new technologies of the time, including new warfare techniques. Genghis Khan avenged the murder of his father by decimating the Tatar Army, and by 1206, he had defeated the powerful Naiman tribe, thus gaining control of central and eastern Mongolia.
The Mongol leader, now buoyed by the success in Central Asia, moved east to conquer the Jin Dynasty in China. Genghis was not concerned with the scientific and artistic wonders of the Jin dynasty but was attracted by the endless rice fields and interested in wealth accumulation.
Genghis Khan, now seemingly unstoppable, demanded control of the trade relations with the Khwarizm dynasty which controlled Turkestan, Persian and Afghanistan. When Shah Muhammad refused and instead sent the head of a Mongol diplomat in defiance, ‘The Great Khan’ swore vengeance.
Two lakh Mongol soldiers raided each and every city through Central Asia and into Eastern Europe, and by 1221, there was no trace left of the Khwarizm dynasty. The Tangut lineage faced the same fate and many other dynasties thereafter too. The Mongol leader was one of the most feared and capable leaders of the world at that time.
The supreme leader died after falling from a horse at the age of 62, and fifty years after his death, the Mongolian empire covered most of Eurasia. The universal leader’s diplomatic strategies and warfare techniques are a case study for even the most modern armies in the world today.
Written By Anshul Gandhi